Why wool mulch?

Wool mulch products are 100% pure sheep’s wool without synthetic additives, binding agents or other additional materials. Wool cover is a new innovative technology to be applied in vegetable, fruit and ornamental plant production, as well as home gardens and urban plant production environment such as micro-gardening, live kitchens, etc. It is particularly suitable for greenhouse and field vegetable production (tomato, pepper, cucumber, aubergine, etc.), orchards (peach, nectarine, apple, etc.), strawberry production, organic farming (BIO), ornamental production (pot plants), tree nurseries. It is sustainable in all the four pillars below.

 Agronomic benefit

Weed, water & nutrition management

  • Weed control

  • Reduced water use

  • Clean crop avoiding contact to ground & risk of fungal contamination

  • Enhance soil quality and health

  • Organic matter

  • Nutrition (N, P, K)

  • Biodiversity

  • Less erosion and compaction

  • Soil temperature and moisture

  • Slug control

Economic benefit

less inputs & costs

  • Weed control

  • Less irrigation

  • Reduce operation & labor costs

  • Reduce pesticide inputs

Social benefit Sustainablity

  • Healthy food, food quality

  • Home gardening

  • Back to the nature

  • Biodegradable

  • Less labor time

 Environmental benefit

Biodegradable, soil health, biodiversity

  • Enhance soil quality and health

  • Organic matter

  • Nutrition (N, P, K)

  • Biodiversity

  • Less erosion and compaction

  • Reduced water use

  • Reduce pesticide inputs

Uncovered soil cannot be found in nature, soon it will be colonized by pioneer plants such as weeds. In addition, uncovered soil is exposed to erosion and drought. There are different materials available to cover the soil with different benefits and trade-offs. Synthetic materials such as plastic or agro-textile are cheap solutions for technologies where improving soil quality is not necessary, such as hydroponic systems, where plants are not grown in soils. It meets the minimum requirements, such as weed control, less irrigation and clean crop, but it fails to improve soil quality and even though it helps to warm up the micro-climate for the plant in the early season, it creates too hot conditions in the summer.

Live mulch (such as cover crops) improves soil quality and biodiversity the most, however it provides no weed control, neither it saves water, nor protects the crop from snails while it does allow the fruits of a crop to have contact with the soil (e.g. strawberries) that might cause diseases problems. It is best used in between growing seasons (e.g. winter period or set-asides) or in between rows in orchards (e.g. clover Trifolium spp), where it can provide pollination services and conservation biological control.

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Other organic mulches like straw, wood chips, chopped grass, etc. provides numerous benefits both to the crops and to the soil. Using wool mulch has several advantages though. Firstly, other organic mulching needs to be maintained continuously (e.g refilled, rearranged), while wool mulch mat is mounted just once per season. Most importantly, while other organic mulches distract nitrogen, the main nutrition for crops, from the soil while decomposing, wool mulch provides nitrogen to the soil during decomposition. The special structure of wool allows air and water to pass, so soil temperature is balanced and no mold will develop. Other organic materials have their relevance though. If chopped grass is available in your garden than use it on row crops like carrots or spinach where wool mulch is not applicable. Wood chips are best combined with wool disk for long term protection for trees. Consider wool mulch as your most valuable innovative tool in your toolkit for gardening!

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